Ashtanga means “eight-limbed” in Sanskrit (asta- eight, anga- limb). Ashtanga Yoga is an eight-limbed route to yoga enlightenment, commonly known as Samadhi.
The path of internal purification for unveiling the Universal Self, according to Patanjali, consists of the following eight spiritual activities. Sadhana Pada is the chapter on yoga practice in Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras.
“Yama-niyama-asana-pranayama-pratyahara-dharana-dyana-samadhyaya-astavangani,” says Sutra 2.29. The eight limbs of yoga are yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, and samadhi, which may be rendered as “the eight limbs of yoga are yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, and samadhi.”
There are 6 series of Ashtanga vinyasa:
4 Advance series.
Further, 3 main components of Ashtanga yoga are:
Breath (mostly Ujjai breathing)
Generally, ashtanga vinyasa class commence with five times Sun Salutation A and 5 times Sun Salutation B. Followed by a series of standing sequence postures, with the loop of 5 ujjai breathing in each asana that can also be considered the time duration for which one needs to hold that asana, then a set of seated poses. Subsequently, once an individual has mastered these three asanas flow, then the yoga teacher is allowed to teach the students, the fundamentals and alignments regarding the advanced ashtanga series, advanced A, advanced B, C, and D series.
Regular practice is recommended, with Saturday as the rest day. It is worth noting that women should avoid ashtanga vinyasa practice during the first 3 days of their menstruation because during this phase of time the uterine inner lining is shedding that causing inflammation in the uterus region hence to avoid any kind of extra muscles strain, it is best to avoid asana during this phase.
The benefits of Ashtanga yoga are as follows:
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